Confusion on dating
An achieved role is a position that a person assumes voluntarily which reflects personal skills, abilities, and effort.An ascribed role is a position assigned to individuals or groups without regard for merit but because of certain traits beyond their control, (Stark 2007), and is usually forced upon a person.This is always done in an interactive way: it's not meaningful to think of a role for one person alone, only for that person as an individual who is both co-operating and competing with others.Adults behave similarly: taking roles from those that they see around them, adapting them in creative ways, and (by the process of social interaction) testing them and either confirming them or modifying them.It is vital to both functionalist and interactionist understandings of society.Social role posits the following about social behaviour: Roles may be achieved or ascribed or they can be accidental in different situations.In the transitory "sick role", a person is exempted from their usual roles, but is expected to conform to transitory behavioural standards, such as following doctors' orders and trying to recover.For many roles, individuals must meet certain conditions, biological or sociological.
Mead's main interest was the way in which children learn how to become a part of society by imaginative role-taking, observing and mimicking others.a salesman is fired for not selling enough product).Social norm theory has been applied as an environmental approach, with an aim of influencing individuals by manipulating their social and cultural environments.The functionalist approach to role theory, which is largely borrowed from anthropology, sees a "role" as the set of expectations that society places on an individual.By unspoken consensus, certain behaviours are deemed "appropriate" and others "inappropriate".
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This can be most easily seen in encounters where there is considerable ambiguity, but is nevertheless something that is part of all social interactions: each individual actively tries to "define the situation" (understand their role within it); choose a role that is advantageous or appealing; play that role; and persuade others to support the role.